Syriac Gospel of c.1220

Ms. Additional 7170, British Library, London




Betrayal of Jesus by Judas
Christ before the High Priest or Pilate
The Denial of Peter
The Crucifixion
The Sleeping Guards & Holy Women at the Tomb



Referenced as figure 292 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
292A to 292E. Manuscript, A - The Betrayal, B - Prayer of the Centurion, C - Denial of Peter, D - Jesus before Pilate, E - Crucifixion, F - Guards at the Tomb, 1216-1220 AD, Syriac Jazīrah, British Lib., Ms. Add. 7170, ff. 134v, 82, 146v, 145r, 151r and 160r, London (Ler S).
p174 Lamellar armour may also have been used in Byzantium in the pre-Islamic era39 (Figs. 90, 91 and 556) but its more widespread adoption after the 7th century clearly reflected Muslim military pressure40 (Figs. 212, 220A, 314, 630 and 637). A smaller but equally common kabadion lamellar cuirass was seen in Byzantium from the 10th century41 (Figs. 227, 242, 249, 314, 414 and 608). This could reflect the changing fashions of eastern Islam, where the lamellar kamaband may have been developed in the 10th century, or it could have been the Byzantine original that stimulated the adoption of this latter Iranian form of armour (Figs. 209, 241, 292, 294, 306, 347, 354, 376, 377, 385, 390, 392, 422, 446, 447 and 641).

39. Haldon, "Some Aspects of Byzantine Military Technology from the 6th to the 10th centuries," p. 20.
40. Ibid., pp. 25-26,29 and 46.
41. Ibid., p 36.



See also Jacobite-Syrian Lectionary of the Gospels, Monastery of Mar Mattai near Mosul, Iraq, c.1220. Vatican Library, Ms. Syr. 559
Syriac Gospel Lectionary, Church of the Forty Martyrs, MS 41, 13th century
Other Illustrations of 13th century Costume & Soldiers